Identifying Characteristics: Grows to 20’-70’ high and 20’-70’ wide Leaves are glossy, dark-green and toothed Bark is gray-brown, furrowing with age Flowers in spring are inconspicuous Acorns in autumn are light-brown and elongated
Landscape values: Fast growth rate Minimal root-heaving of masonry at least four feet away (with deep watering) Dense evergreen canopy, irregular branching Forage for California Sister Butterfly caterpillars
Horticultural requirements: Full sun Drought-tolerant, intolerant of frequent summer watering Good drainage Acidic to slightly alkaline soil (pH 4.0-8.0) Drop prune only August-September, if desired/needed (Retain as much interior growth as possible) Remove deadwood at any time
Native range: Coastal California, Baja California, and the Channel Islands of Santa Rosa & Santa Cruz
Uses by Native Americans: Acorns leached and ground into meal Wood for fuel, tools, and construction Bark for tanning animal hides Acorns, bark, and galls for medicine
For more information about the N/E/X/T/Garden, where this Featured Native Plant grows, click here. For additional information about this Featured Native Plant, email: Info@PalisadesBeautiful.org.